Medical Terms

Explanation of Medical Terms about dwarfism and skeletal problems

cartilageFirm, elastic connective tissue with collagen fibers.
chondrocyteA cell which produces cartilage.
collagenCollagen is a tough, glue-like protein that represents 30% of the body protein and shapes the structure of tendons, bones, and connective tissues.
coxa varaa deformity at the hip joint that occurs when the head of the femur is at an angle of less than 120 degrees to the shaft of the femur, causing the femur to not fit into the hip socket correctly
diaphysisShaft or mid section of the long bones.
dysplasiaAbormal or different shape.
From Greek dys=bad, plas=shape.
epiFrom Greek, meaning upon, at, in addition.
EpiduralSee:http://dict.die.net/epidural%20anesthesia/
epiphyseal plateThe growth plate of the long bone, just below the bone end.
Inguinal HerniaSee http://www.pedisurg.com/PtEduc/Inguinal_Hernia.htm
long boneA long bone is a bone that has a shaft and 2 ends. Long bones contain yellow bone marrow and red bone marrow (which produces blood cells). A great site to see all the parts of the bone is: http://trc.ucdavis.edu/mjguinan/apc100/modules/Musculoskeletal/bone/structure0/structure1.html
metaFrom Greek, among, with; after; beyond; completely.
metaphyseal layerEnds of the long bone, after ephiphyseal growth plate.
Odontoid Processa toothlike process that stabilizes the connection between the head and the neck. It sticks up through the first and second cervical vertebrae, providing support as the head moves backwards and forwards. An image of an odontoid process
polyFrom Greek, many.
physFrom Greek, nature, growth.
skeletalHaving to do with the skeleton (bones).
skeletal dysplasiaA condition where at least one bone in the body does not grow correctly.
spondyloHaving to do with the spine.
vertebraeThe bones in the spine. Vertebrae are classified into three sections: Cervical (7 vertebrae in the neck), Thoracic (12 vertebrae in between the cervical and Lumbar), and Lumbar (5 vertebrae, the bottom part of the spine).
The names of vertebrae are often referred by their classification. For example L4 is the 4th lumbar vertebrae. See: http://www.spine-health.com/topics/anat/a02.html for more information.

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